Climate and moisture variability in a tropical forest long-term records from Barro Colorado Island, Panama by Donald M. Windsor

Cover of: Climate and moisture variability in a tropical forest | Donald M. Windsor

Published by Smithsonian Institution Press in Washington, D.C .

Written in English

Read online


  • Forest microclimatology -- Panama -- Barro Colorado Island.,
  • Moisture -- Panama -- Barro Colorado Island.,
  • Barro Colorado Island (Panama) -- Climate.

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementDonald M. Windsor.
SeriesSmithsonian contributions to the earth sciences -- no. 29.
ContributionsSmithsonian Institution. Press.
The Physical Object
Paginationiii, 145 p. :
Number of Pages145
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14683739M

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"Climate and Moisture Variability in a Tropical Forest: Long-Term Records from Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Donald M. Windsor," The Quarterly Review of Biol no.

1 (Mar., ): Climate and moisture variability in a tropical forest. 1 online resource (iii, p.) (OCoLC) Print version: Windsor, Donald M. Climate and moisture variability in a tropical forest. iii, p. (DLC) (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors.

Climate and moisture variability in a tropical forest. 1 online resource (iii, p.) (OCoLC) Microfiche: Windsor, Donald M. Climate and moisture variability in a tropical forest. 2 microfiches (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource: Document Type: Book, Internet Resource.

Climate and moisture variability in a tropical forest: long-term records from Barro Colorado Island, Panamá. move these tropical forest regions toward forest dieback events. Drier and warmer climate in the region favors the persistence of grasses and shrubs over trees in a process that is reinforced by recurring fire (8).

It is difficult to assess the drought thresholds beyond which forestdiebackmightoccur,inpartbecauseofconflictingevidenceCited by: Soil moisture matters, even in tropical rainforests. Growth rates shape species distributions of tropical tree seedlings on a soil moisture gradient, according to a.

Abstract. Predicting the fate of tropical forests under a changing climate requires understanding species responses to climatic variability and extremes. Seedlings may be particularly vulnerable to climatic stress given low stored resources and undeveloped roots; they also portend the potential effects of climate change on future forest by: Most studies of climate impacts on tropical forests have focused on drought and temperature.

However, plant growth and productivity may be more strongly limited by solar radiation than by water availability in several tropical regions (Dong et al., ; Graham et al., ; Nemani et al., ).File Size: KB.

Resource acquisition and reproductive strategies of tropical forest in response to the El Niño–Southern Oscillation D. Climate and moisture variability in a tropical forest: long-term Cited by: In this article we will discuss about the major aspects of tropical and southern hemisphere climate.

In the tropics, annual temperature ranges are small, Coriolis Effect is minimal, geostrophic flow doesn’t occur, less air mass contrast is present, fronts are extremely weak or non-existent, and ridges/troughs appear oriented in opposite directions, as compared with extra-tropical regions.

POSSIBLE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND CHANGE ON TROPICAL FOREST HYDROLOGY M. BONELL UNESCO, Division of Water Sciences, 1 Rue. Citation: Chaturvedi RK, Raghubanshi AS () Effect of Soil Moisture on Composition and Diversity of Trees in Tropical dry Forest.

MOJ Eco Environ Sci 3(1): DOI: /mojes Effect of Soil Moisture on Composition and Diversity of Trees in Tropical dry Forest 7Cited by: 1. [1] We examined the impact of both seasonal and year‐to‐year variations in precipitation on simulated soil moisture dynamics at a tropical rain forest (TRF) site and a tropical seasonal forest (TSF) site in Southeast Asia, between which there is a clear difference in the precipitation regime, through a probabilistic ecohydrological model.

All model parameters have apparent physical meaning Cited by: Otherwise, intact tropical forest stores a very high amount of carbon, accumulated in wood for more than a Century. However, intact pristine forests are not common an ymore and this is a consequence of intensive change in tropical forest land use, which similarly to CO 2-enrichedFile Size: 3MB.

Tropical seasonal forests, also known as moist deciduous, monsoon or semi-evergreen (mixed) seasonal forests, have a monsoon or wet savannah climates (as in the Köppen climate classification): receiving high overall rainfall with a warm summer wet season and (often) a cooler winter dry season.

Some trees in these forests drop some or all of their leaves during the winter dry season. We show that photosynthesis in tall Amazonian forests, that is, forests above 30 m, is three times less sensitive to precipitation variability than in shorter (less than 20 m) by:   The lack of a consistent diel response of soil CO 2 efflux across tropical forest sites could be due to differences in the magnitude of the diel change in temperature across these forest sites, variability in the relative contribution of root versus microbial respiration to total soil respiration, or because other factors such as soil moisture status, exert a stronger control over total soil respiration Cited by: A warm and wet biome found between 20° N and 20° S of the equator, with little seasonal temperature variation and high precipitation.

Tropical Seasonal Forests/Savanna A biome marked by warm temperatures and distinct wet and dry seasons. A new tropical deforestation experiment has been performed, with the ARPEGE-Climat atmospheric global circulation model associated with the ISBA land surface scheme.

Simulations are forced with observed monthly mean sea surface temperatures and thus inter-annual variability of the ocean system is taken into account. The local mean response to deforestation over Amazonia and Cited by:   The Amazonian tropical forests have been disappearing at a fast rate in the last 50 y due to deforestation to open areas for agriculture, posing high risks of irreversible changes to biodiversity and ecosystems.

Climate change poses additional risks to the stability of the forests. Studies suggest “tipping points” not to be transgressed: 4° C of global warming or 40% of total deforested by:   This volume represents a uniquely comprehensive overview of our current knowledge on tropical montane cloud forests.

72 chapters cover a wide spectrum of topics including cloud forest distribution, climate, soils, biodiversity, hydrological processes, hydrochemistry and water quality, climate change impacts, and cloud forest conservation, management, and restoration/5(3).

Tropical forests play an important role in regulating the global climate and the carbon cycle. With the changing temperature and moisture along the elevation gradient, the Luquillo Experimental Forest in Northeastern Puerto Rico provides a natural approach to understand tropical forest ecosystems under climate.

In the climate simulations, a particularly pronounced effect occurred in the Amazon region as it dried out. Climate variability rose by 15 percent for every 1 degree Celsius of warming. in light of new developments. We focus on climate drivers of variability and change, including natural climate variability and land-use changes, their impacts on the length of dry season, the role of the forest on climate and carbon cycles, the resilience of the forest, and the risk of fires.

InFile Size: 2MB. Learn tropical forests with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of tropical forests flashcards on Quizlet. Knowledge of the spatial and temporal variabilities of soil respiration is important in estimating the soil carbon budget and in understanding how soils may respond to global changes.

In areas with complex terrain, the topography can modify the hydrological conditions and other biophysical variables, which complicates the spatial and temporal heterogeneity of soil : Qiuxiang Tian, Dongya Wang, Yanan Tang, Yi Li, Min Wang, Chang Liao, Feng Liu.

In a dry tropical forest in Jamaica, with an average annual rainfall of mm and a dry season of 4–5 months, McLaren and McDonald () found that the dominant factor controlling flowering periodicity is the passage of the major (4 months long) rainy season and consecutive changes in soil moisture Cited by: The astounding richness and biodiversity of tropical forests is rapidly dwindling.

This has severely altered the vital biogeochemical cycles of carbon, phosphorus, nitrogen etc. and has led to the change in global climate and pristine natural ecosystems.

In this elegant book, we have defined "Tropical Forests" broadly, into five different themes: (1) tropical forest structure, synergy. UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS TROPICAL BIOLOGY AND CONSERVATION MANAGEMENT - Vol.

IV - Moist Tropical Forests: Structure, Function and Management - U. Lüttge ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) feeling of a vast non- structured green ocean—the tropical rainforest (Figure 2).

The tropical regions are the regions of the Earth near the equator and between the Tropic of Cancer in the northern hemisphere and the Tropic of Capricorn in the southern hemisphere. This tropical region is also referred to as the tropical zone or the torrid zone. The word Tropical specifically means places near the is also sometimes used in a general sense for a tropical climate, a.

2. Anthropogenic influences on tropical forest biodiversity. The primary contemporary drivers of tropical forest biodiversity loss include direct effects of human activities such as habitat destruction and fragmentation (land-use change), invasive species and over-exploitation, as well as indirect effects of human activities such as climate change (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment ).Cited by: variability on orbital–millennial timescales across tropical– subtropical South America and in turn to probe possible linkages between climate change and biodiversity.

This suggests a non-linear response of climate variability to global ice sheet evolution in all major centers of deep tropical convection (Russell et al., ). The drier LGM conditions in the centers of deep tropical convection have likely led to a reduction in primary productivity and thus a reduction the Dole effect, which contributed to Cited by:   This led to a deforestation rate of % yr −1 for deciduous tropical forests and % yr −1 in evergreen tropical forests.

Trejo and Dirzo () found an annual deforestation rate of seasonally dry tropical forest in the state of Morelos, Mexico, of % yr −1. What effect does land cover change in Mexico have on evapotranspiration and Cited by: Spatiotemporal variability of soil respiration in a seasonal tropical forest Vanessa E.

Rubio1,2 Tropical forests contribute to the global carbon cycle through storing and it is unknown how they vary with soil, climate, and forest type. In addition, these relationships can be altered during rain-induced pulses, which can be caused by Cited by: 6.

Location – global location of the tropical rainforest. Tropical Rainforests are found in a narrow belt either side of the equator. Climate of the tropical rainforest. Temperatures are hot throughout the year – mainly between 26 & 27 degrees C.

Rainfall is heavy and mainly convectional – up to mm a year. carbon sequestration. Biogeophysical feedbacks can enhance or diminish this negative climate forcing. Tropical forests mitigate warming through evaporative cooling, but the low albedo of boreal forests is a positive climate forcing.

The evaporative effect of temperate forests is unclear. The net climate forcing from these and other processes is File Size: KB. A cloud forest, also called a water forest, primas forest, or tropical montane cloud forest (TMCF), is a generally tropical or subtropical, evergreen, montane, moist forest characterized by a persistent, frequent or seasonal low-level cloud cover, usually at the canopy level, formally described in the International Cloud Atlas () as silvagenitus.

Scientists have shown to be true what JRR Tolkien only imagined in the Lord of the Rings: giant, slow-reproducing trees play an outsized role in the growth and health of old forests. The tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forest is a habitat type defined by the World Wide Fund for Nature and is located at tropical and subtropical latitudes.

Though these forests occur in climates that are warm year-round, and may receive several hundred centimeters of rain per year, they have long dry seasons which last several months and vary with geographic location.

Tropical forests represent about 40% of the world's forested area and contain about 60% of global forest biomass. Rainforests and monsoon forests are two major types in the humid and sub-humid tropics. Rainforests grow in ever-wet conditions where rainfall is heavy and spread throughout the year, such as in the Amazon Basin and the Congo delta.Tropical forest soils are the largest natural source of carbon dioxide (CO2) to the atmosphere and have the highest soil respiration rates, globally.

Currently, we have little understanding of how this large carbon (C) flux will respond to ongoing changes in climate. Identifying climatic controls and natural variability of soil respiration (Rs) in these ecosystems could improve our ability to.commonly referred to as simply tropical rainforests, a term coined by a German scientist as early as CLIMATE Temperature variation in a tropical rainforest is minimal.

There may be as little as ten degrees difference between the hottest and coldest months of the year in any given region.

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